Galactoid's Abstract Verbal Reasoning Test (For Fun)


#1

Hi folks,

This questionnaire was based on a normed sample of 258 people.

In as much as these questions may seem easy, they turn out to be not! Most people get less than 20 correct out of the 57 questions, and only 1% score above 40. The mean is 18, with the standard deviation being around 10. Technically, less than 1 in 1000 people will score beyond 50.

They key purpose of the test was to measure abstract reasoning ability.

The questions are ordered in ascending order of difficulty (ascending questions have higher failure rates).

Example:

What is the main similarity between the words:

COW HORSE

Answer: They are mammals

For the following questions, find the main similarity between the two words:

  1. TONGUE EYE

  2. HOT COLD

  3. HILL VALLEY

  4. SUNNY CLOUDY

  5. KING SUBJECT

  6. MELT FREEZE

  7. YOUNG OLD

  8. LOVE HATE

  9. SOCIOLOGY PHILOSOPHY

  10. INHALE EXHALE

  11. ALLY ENEMY

  12. BORROW LEND

  13. SOUND LIGHT

  14. ALCOHOL WOOD

  15. FLOAT SINK

  16. SIMPLE COMPLEX

  17. FIRST LAST

  18. SHOULD CAN

  19. CHARACTER INTEGRITY

  20. ALIVE DEAD

  21. BETTER WORSE

  22. PEACE WAR

  23. HABIT CUSTOM

  24. TEACH LEARN

  25. INCREASE DECREASE

  26. DECLINE ACCEPT

  27. POETRY PROSE

  28. HIBERNATION MIGRATION

  29. FORGET REMEMBER

  30. TRUE FALSE

  31. PLURAL SINGULAR

  32. SQUARE-ROOT DIVIDE

  33. PERMANENT TEMPORARY

  34. ABSENT PRESENT

  35. LIKELY UNLIKELY

  36. RIGHT WRONG

  37. CAN CANNOT

  38. KNOWLEDGE IGNORANCE

  39. CURSE BLESS

  40. HELP HINDER

  41. ALWAYS NEVER

  42. MAJORITY MINORITY

  43. ALL NONE

  44. INCIDENT ACCIDENT

  45. ANTONYM SYNONYM

  46. BUILD DESTROY

  47. APART TOGETHER

  48. DREAMS REALITY

  49. HERE THERE

  50. END BEGINNING

  51. THOUGHT REASON

  52. MAXIMUM MINIMUM

  53. FULL EMPTY

  54. QUESTION ANSWER

  55. RANDOM SPECIFIC

  56. SUCCESS FAILURE

  57. ZENITH NADIR

Answers:

  1. (Sensory organs; Facial organs that provide sensory information)

  2. (Refers to temperature; Degree of environmental heat)

  3. (Geographic features; Objects found on the terrain or on earth)

  4. (Refers to the weather)

  5. (Hierarchical ranks; Seniority or position)

  6. (Relates to change in the state of matter; Refers to transformation of matter)

  7. (Terms referring to age; Seniority)

  8. (Emotions; Feelings or sentiments towards others)

  9. (Disciplinary fields; bodies of knowledge)

  10. (Involves respiratory exchange)

  11. (Relationship; people where we have an affinity or feeling towards; Affiliation)

  12. (Transactions; things which involve exchange)

  13. (Contains waves; Have wavelengths)

  14. (Fuels; things that contain hydrocarbons)

  15. (Movement; Movement in relation to a fluid)

  16. (Difficulty; Hardness of a task)

  17. (Rank; order; ordinality)

  18. (Degrees of permission; Extent of permit)

  19. (Personal attributes; Individual psychological characteristics)

  20. (State of life of a biological organism; degree of functionality in a living creature)

  21. (Superlatives; comparative terms; Words that rank)

  22. (A political stance between two or more national entities; A bilateral affiliation)

  23. (Things bound by tradition; things accepted unquestioningly)

  24. (Involves the transmission of information; Passing down of knowledge through education)

  25. (Rates of change)

  26. (A response; Responses towards proposals or propositions)

  27. (A literary form of expression)

  28. (Means of adapting; Adjusting to one’s environment; Means whereby animals cope)

  29. (Involves the processing of information with regards to memory; Relates to recall)

  30. (Correspondence with reality; Degree of semblance with reality)

  31. (Words that denote quantity; words that denote numeric magnitude)

  32. (Mathematical operations; numerical transformations)

  33. (Extent of temporal endurance; Relates to degree of persistance)

  34. (Availability; Involves existence)

  35. (Refers to a probabilistic occurrence; Relates to probability)

  36. (An evaluation; A moral assessment)

  37. (Relates to possibility)

  38. (States of awareness; Extent of knowing)

  39. (An expression towards another person; An action arising from strong emotion, affect, or sentiments towards someone)

  40. (Actions with an effect on others; Ways of influencing other’s outcomes)

  41. (Extent Occurrence; Frequency of incidence; Degree of a happening)

  42. (Refers to proportion; Percentages)

  43. (Encompassing terms; Absolutes; Existential Quantifiers)

  44. (Contingencies; things that occur by chance)

  45. Comparative terms; words that compare the relation between words)

  46. (Action which involves the transformation of matter)

  47. (Spatial relation; Geometric relation between objects)

  48. (States of consciousness; conditions of the mind)

  49. (Deictic terms; Reference terms in relation to a location)

  50. (Points that denote the boundaries of an interval of time; Markers for a period of time)

  51. (Manifestations of intelligence; Processes of the mind)

  52. (Delineation of a boundary; Limits)

  53. (Relates to capacity; Refers to the state or degree of a capacity)

  54. (Parts of the process of researching; parts of querying, handling and expanding information)

  55. (Precision; degree of certainty; denotes accuracy)

  56. (Outcome of an event)

  57. (Ranking; Positional terms; Superlatives)


#2

I got 56. :wink:


#3

Impressive.

The last 20 have an attrition (failure) rate of 90% or more.

Most people answer using concrete responses rather than abstract ones.


#4

I’ll come back to this later
till then @shin hit the gif :wink:


#5

But it’s not a science thread :stuck_out_tongue:

Edit: wait, actually it is, since it was part of an unpublished science project


#6

Here you are then. ^.-


#7

I got none, because I’m lazy and zoomed right through that wall of text, but I might do this some time when I’m bored.


#8

Actually, a personal note:

This test actually has a more stringent scoring system which I didn’t post here just to avoid potential copyright issues.

Each question is scored 0, 1, and 2 according to responses.

Some people get only 1 point per question due to a lack of elaboration. The harder questions (beyond 25) have most people get either a 0 or 1, and rarely a 2. 1 is normally given if it is a concrete understanding, and 2 an abstract one.

Neither one is better actually, because it measures a style of thinking. Some people prefer abstraction. Some prefer concrete thinking. Neither is superior.


#9

Sometimes I wonder, @Galactoid, do you spend your time playing Evolve, or spend your time finding these… interesting stuffs.


#11

Edit: Reposted and deleted the last post because I replied to the wrong person, lol.

Well actually, neither.

I’m in graduate school at the moment, and spend my time doing research and writing books.

The threads which I create are done so in order to alleviate stress, and are therefore not an end in themselves. As for Evolve, I rarely play it nowadays due to a lack of time.


#12

56 . Wow. 99%. Yep.


Thanks for your time in making this @Galactoid, was pretty fun!


#13

It is true, it is 99%.

See this paper in the link:

The test that my graduate school and I developed are based on the similarities subtest of the WAIS.

If you scroll down to one of the pages, you will see the fail/pass rates of each of the 14 items on WAIS-R (subsequent versions, the WAIS-III and WAIS-IV bumped it up to 18 items). Apparently most people have trouble with the latter half of the 14 questions, which are approximately as hard as the first 14 - 15 questions on the ones in this thread, according to our empirical data.

Up to question 30 in this thread, their difficulty levels approximate the first 18 questions of the WAIS-III and WAIS-IV.

Questions 31 to 57 have attrition rates higher than items 17 and 18 of the WAIS-III and IV similarities tests, and are incrementally more difficult. At question 30, the past rate is equivalent to item 17 on these 2 tests, at less than 10%. Question 46 was under 1%, and 7% was virtually 0%.

The reason why the vocabulary was so simple (except the last) was because this test was meant to test abstract reasoning and not vocabulary size.

It’s an open response, so people have to get the precise answers that we have set (with a bit of leeway in interpretation since it is very verbal). For instance, if people say only “facial organs” and not “sensory organs” on question 1, they get only 1 point instead of 2. Question 53 had many people say the words meant things that were “filling up”, but the precise response we looked for was the abstract nature, which was “capacity”, so they get 1 point instead of 2 (or any synonym involving capacity). Question 15 would trick a lot of people into thinking that it was “buoyancy” alone, but the actual similarity was “movement involve buoyancy” and not “buoyancy” per se. So if people say the latter, they get 1 point.

An interesting phenomenon was question 43, which was a WAIS-IV question that strangely got “bumped” in its failure rate to such a high level in our samples, which we took from a randomised group and demography.

To be honest, the chances of getting a 56, based on our statistics is about 1 in 30000. The maximum score is 112. Most people get 40 - 50.